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Glossary

Glossary


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A

Abasí

Abbasid; belonging to or relating to the second dynasty of Muslim caliphs, founded by Abu-l-Abbas, who overthrew the Umayyads of Damascus (749) and established their capital in Baghdad (762).

Abencerrajes

In Arabic, Banū Sarrāŷ. An aristocratic North African lineage, the family served in the Nasrid court, rising to prominence there in the 15th century.

Acequia

Ditch, canal or channel transporting water for irrigation or other purposes.

Adarajas

Each of the different prisms or modules forming a muqarnas dome.

Adarve

(From the Arabic ad-darb, a narrow street, a gorge) A wall-walk or path along the top of a fortress wall, used by guards. A cul-de-sac or alley, typical of the cities of al-Andalus.

Agallonado

Gadrooning; an arch or dome with gadroons, which are concave decorative elements, often coming to a point, like segments of an orange.

Aglomerante

Binding agent; the cementing material holding together fragments of one or more materials thanks to chemical transformations.

Ajimez

(From the Arabic as-sammis, exposed to the sun) Projecting wooden structure in front of a window or balcony, enclosed with latticework, so that the interior of the room cannot be seen from the street.

al-Ahmar (El Rojo)

The Red; the epithet of the dynasty ruling the kingdom of Granada, also known as Nasr, origin of the term Nasrid.

al-Andalus

Any territory of the Iberian Peninsula under Muslim rule.


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