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Gene Ontology (GO)

This is a widely used resource that has established a gene ontology that categorizes current scientific knowledge about the functions of the genes of many different organisms, ranging from humans to bacteria, as gene annotations. Go contains a vocabulary of terms and establishes the relationship between them for, for example, diverse types of biological functions (Molecular Function), pathways that carry out different biological programs (Biological Process), or locations where these occur (Cellular Component).

Genetic polymorphisms

Variants in the DNA sequence between individuals of the same species which are found with a frequency of more than 1% (less frequent variants are called mutations).


Discipline focused on the study of the structure and function of genomes.

Grid search

Strategy used to search for the best hyperparameters of a learning algorithm by evaluating all the possible combinations on a set of user-defined values.